Barthel Index

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How Barthel Index Calculator Works?

The modified Barthel index calculator is used to examine the independence of your patient in their mobility and daily self-care.

The Barthel index calculator provide the Barthel score in points and Interpretation for the selecting values.

What is considered a normal ADL score?

An overall score of 0 to 100 is based on a total of eight elements. If the grade falls below 65 points, the assignment is considered "bad" while the grade is awarded as "outstanding" for grades of 95 to 100 points.

What is the difference between the modified Barthel and Barthel index?

The Barthel Index (BI) measures a person's ability to perform daily tasks independently (ADL). The original two, three, or four-point rating system was replaced by a five-point system in the modified Barthel Index (MBI). The performance evaluation tool MBI (PET-MBI) was created in Japan based on this modified measure.

What are the methods used to calculate ADLs?

To measure the degree of independence in ADLs, a variety of methods have been employed. It is possible to measure ADLs using direct observation, self-report, and/or proxy/informant/caregiver reporting. Using these tools, caregivers can get a broad idea of how much help the patient needs and what kind of environment is best for them to thrive.

Is the Barthel Index an indicator of success?

The Barthel Index, the Rivermead ADL evaluation, the Functional Independence Measure, the Rankin Scale, the Rehabilitation Activities, and the Katz Index of Activities Profile were among the most important outcomes of this review.

What is SIS (stroke Impact Scale)?

After a stroke, the Stroke Impact Scale is a self-report questionnaire that measures disability and health-related quality of life.

Beginners Guide For Barthel Index

This Barthel index calculator allows you to evaluate your patient's daily self-care and mobility independence. This tool also includes instructions on how to interpret the Barthel index scoring, which you can find here. For queries like "what is ADL?" "why is Barthel ADL index calculated?" and "what are the everyday variables used in this tool," please read on.

What is ADL?

People use the term ADL (Activities of Daily Living) to describe the tasks they must accomplish to stay healthy and independent. ADL-focused examinations typically ask about activities such as eating, washing one's own body, clothing, grooming and going to work.

An examination of a person's ability to accomplish these duties serves as a quick way to determine whether or not they need any daily care. People in their 60s and 70s with a variety of conditions, such as diabetes or kidney failure, are the primary target of this assessment. Nurses and other qualified individuals may be needed if a person's findings are not sufficient.

Initial research on patients with primary brain tumors and brain metastases employed the index to score improvement during rehabilitation for patients with persistent neuromuscular or musculoskeletal disorders. These studies continue to use the index, but it has also been validated in other investigations (4-7).

To compute the index, 10 items relating to daily living activities (ADLs) are summed up.

The scale has been used frequently in rehabilitation facilities to assess functional changes in stroke victims and anticipate their length of stay and the level of care required.

The following are the ten things that were looked at:

Test administration takes only 5 minutes, and the patient is not directly tested during that time. Relatives, friends, and nurses can provide the evidence needed to evaluate the patient's performance (the record of what the patient does, not what they can accomplish).

The Barthel Index should not be utilized as a stand-alone predictor of stroke patient outcomes but it is vital to determine the patient's degree of independence from any support, verbal or physical, for extended periods of time compared to the preceding 24-48 hours. For each task, the assessment should take into account the amount of time and assistance that a patient will need to complete it.

How the Barthel index is Calculated (Explanation)

Ten questions are included in our Barthel index calculator on ADLs and mobility. Ready? In this section, we'll go over the various concepts. Brackets indicate the number of points each answer receives.





Bladder control

Bladder control

Toilet use


Mobility on level surfaces


Bowel control

Your score will be accurate if you select all of the correct answers in The Barthel index calculator. The more autonomous a patient is, the greater the number. A brief explanation of the findings can be found directly below.

Sinoff Interpretation:

Score Interpretation
80-100 Independent
60-79 Minimally dependent
40-59 Partially dependent
20-39 Very dependent
<20 Totally dependent

Shah et al. Interpretation:

No. of Points Status
91–99 Slight dependency
61–90 Moderate dependency
21–60 Severe dependency
0–20 Total dependency

Clinical Application of the Barthel Index

Patients who have had a stroke, have neurological diseases, or are being treated for cancer should use the Barthel ADL index more than others. While in the hospital or at a primary care appointment, the physician may use the score to determine the patient's health status.

Ten factors are included in the Barthel ADL index, which measures ADL and mobility. According to each question, the time it takes to complete a task along with any aid from others is critical in determining one's level of self-care. How independent a person is determined by how many points they receive for each correct response.

Use the Barthel index calculator to evaluate your patient's level of self-care and movement independently on a daily basis. The Barthel index scoring system is explained in detail using this tool.

Reliability of the Barthel Index

The scale is straightforward to use and has strong reliability and sensitivity to change, especially in predicting stroke-related functional outcomes. To date, the Index has proven to be portable and has been utilized successfully in 16 of the most common diagnostic diseases.

87 to 92 were reported by Shah et al. for the alpha internal consistency coefficients (admission and discharge). When compared to the other methods, self-report was the least consistent; the lowest levels of agreement were seen for transfers, feeding, dressing, grooming, and toileting.

Results from Roy et al. show that inter-rater and patient self-report correlations of 0.99 were found. On the basis of 976 stroke patients, a validity score of 0.73–0.77 was determined.

Scale limitations

Many people have reservations regarding the Barthel Index because of the variety of index versions and scoring systems that are accessible.

Collin and colleagues proposed this adjustment because they felt that the original scoring system provided the impression of accuracy that was far greater than it actually was. The scores ranged from 0 to 20. The ten items were rearranged, and the instructions were clarified by Collin et al.

However, Shah et al. offered five-point rating scales for each of the initial ten items in order to increase the sensitivity to identify changes.

A further limitation of the scale is that the patient may still require some physical assistance to complete some tasks, which means that some gains may not be visible enough to be measured.

The Barthel Index should be administered by clinical staff in order to prevent patients from overestimating their abilities.

To avoid artificially low or high scores, the index should be administered in a setting that most closely resembles that the patient would return following discharge to avoid situational influences (such as adjustments to the environment, ramps, etc.) being taken into account.

Patients may score close to 100, indicating full independence in the 10 tested activities of daily living (ADLs), but may still need some assistance with other ADLs, which are not included in the index.

The index should be used in conjunction with other results from the patient's clinical examination and functional evaluation, not as a stand-alone predictor of functional outcomes.

Calculations using Barthel Index Calculator

Now that we've covered the theory, let's look at an example. As a 75-year-old woman with a variety of ailments, including atrial fibrillation and kidney failure, Lucy needs medical attention. Since her husband's death ten years ago, she's been living alone. She recently had a stroke and was hospitalized for a few nights. The doctor decided to calculate her Barthel index score when she was discharged from the hospital.

Total score: 75 Points
Interpretation: Minimally dependent (Little assistance is required for Lucy's day-to-day activities).